Dog Hair Loss
- information, causes, symptoms and treatment
The Mite and the Mange: Hair Loss in Dogs.
matter where we live or what we do, we’ve all heard the word ‘mange’.
Even if we don’t completely understand what it is, just its spoken word
is enough to make us cringe. In this respect we are not far off. Mange
is a terrible condition that can cause hair loss in dogs. It is a
result of the mighty mite.
mite is such a small creature but responsible for so much. Mites burrow
below the dog’s skin and can create all sorts of problems. Mange is the
“various persistent contagious skin diseases marked especially by
eczematous inflammation and loss of hair, affecting domestic animals or
sometimes humans, and caused by a minute parasitic mite”
(Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, 2009).
are various types of mange that can cause hair loss in dogs. Types of
Sarcoptic Mange. The signs are severe itching, hair loss and
scaling. This type of mange is caused by the Sarcoptes mite and spreads
like wild fire. But because it does not bury itself as deep as other
types of mites, it is not the most feared. Dogs can be infected easily
by Sarcoptes mite and successful treatment is quite straightforward.
Treatment involves isolating the dog, cleaning bedding and the
surrounding environment, and various other treatments for parasites.
Demodectic Mange. Is a result of infection by the Demodex
mite — a naturally occurring mite in dogs. This type of mange is more
difficult to deal with, as these types of mites bury themselves quite a
way under the skin. These mites attack hair follicles and can cause
hair loss, redness and scaliness. Pustules and legions can occur. The
lower the immune system of the dog, the more likely it is to be
impacted by this type of mange. It is also known as red mange or puppy
mange. Depending upon the infection and the symptoms, treatment can
range from a medicated shampoo to antibiotics to anti-parasitic drugs.
Cheyletiellosis Mange. This type of mange is commonly
referred to as “walking dandruff” because the mites carry the skin
scales of their host, such as the dog. As with the other mite
infections, symptoms can include severe itching, scaliness and hair
loss. Generally, the treatment is a pesticide applied to the affected
you notice hair loss in your dog, there is a possibility that it could
be caused from mange. The problem with diagnosing this condition,
however, is actually discovering whether it is mange or another type of
problem with similar symptoms.
are also a number of other conditions that mimic the signs of mange,
such as flea or food allergies. Skin scrapings and examination under a
microscope by a veterinarian often determine whether the culprit is
mite and what type of mite it is. Mites can produce harmful effects on
dogs. They create mange, and the impacts that they have upon the skin
and hair loss can be unsightly and cause discomfort for the dog. If
left unattended, the consequences can be quite severe.
is necessary that pet owners, who fear that their dog may have mite,
see a professional.